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I AM in Control.org Iowa Adolescents Making Choices to Control Their Future Teen:Health, Relationship, Body and Sexuality
Oct 26

HIV/AIDS: What you need to know

Posted By iamincontrol | October 26, 2017

What is HIV and AIDS? HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus, and AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.

What’s the difference? The difference between the two is that HIV is a virus that can cause infection and can eventually lead to AIDS if untreated. However, many people can have HIV for years without ever getting AIDS. On the other hand, AIDS is a condition that develops when your immune system becomes permanently damaged by the virus. It lasts for the rest of your life, and there are few treatments to help.

What happens when you get HIV and AIDS? When someone gets HIV, his or her immune system gets really weak. The immune system helps fight off infections by using your own cells as soldiers to fight off the bad guys, like viruses and bacteria that could harm you. If HIV turns into AIDS, your body becomes so weak that it can’t fight off viruses, infections, or cancer.

How do people get HIV? HIV is spread through body fluid that is shared between two people. Here are some of the ways you can get HIV:

  • Sexual contact, which includes oral, vaginal, or anal sex without a condom
  • Sharing needles by injecting drugs or getting a tattoo with the same needle used by someone who has HIV
  • Mother to baby transmission can occur during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding

To learn more about HIV/AIDS, visit: http://teens.webmd.com/hiv-aids-and-teens-faq#1

To find out what the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is doing to raise awareness about HIV/AIDs prevention and treatment, go to https://www.cdc.gov/actagainstaids/